Through this guide, you will learn basic information on how to start poultry farming in Nigeria.
Poultry farming business is a lucrative business idea in Nigeria and it falls under the agricultural sector.
Many people depend on agricultural products such as eggs and meats for their daily nutrition. As a poultry farmer, you can make good money from owning a poultry farm.
How to start a poultry farming business in Nigeria
Before starting a poultry farm in Nigeria, you need to know what you intend to produce (egg or meat). The most common practice of poultry farming in Nigeria is the production of eggs and meats for customer’s consumption. Below is a guide on how to start a poultry farm; producing meats or eggs or both.
This is the most important aspect to consider when setting up a poultry farm. A farmer is expected to acquire a piece of land that is fresh and free from pollution. The number of birds you want to raise will determine the size of the land you will buy as a farmer. Nevertheless, for a medium-size poultry farm, a plot of land of 120*60 is suitable.
Acquiring land for commercial poultry farming is quite expensive in urban areas therefore so it is advisable as a farmer to acquire land in rural environments where land and labor are relatively cheap. It’s also very important to put the following things into consideration when choosing a site location: access to road, good water, closeness to market, etc.
Intended Farming System
The farming system is dependent on you as a farmer and there are three types of farming systems you can practice such as intensive, semi-intensive and extensive system. As a farmer, you can choose any of the three based on your financial abilities.
Housing is very essential for poultry farming and the design of the poultry pen house varies according to the breeds being raised.
In addition, to make the house conducive for your birds, you must do the following:
- Ensure there is proper ventilation in the poultry house.
- make sure that light is well installed in the environment.
- Ensure that the house is well secure from predators.
- Make sure you clean the poultry house before introducing new chickens.
- Lastly, always make use of deep liters like sawdust, rice-shaft, etc. and clean it regularly.
The poultry breeds
There are three types of breeds most commercial poultry farmers in Nigeria usually buy and they are broiler, layers, and cockerel. So, it all depends on what you intend to produce as a poultry farmer.
Credit source pexel
Broiler: this breed attains maturity within six to eight weeks if well fed. They are usually raised for their meats. Broilers are very fragile bread and can’t survive in a harsh environment.
Cockerel: this breed, unlike the broiler, don’t grow fast. the cockerel is raised for its meat also. The interesting thing about this breed is that it can adapt to a harsh environment.
Layers: The layers are poultry breed raise for their eggs only. Although, you can eat their meats however they are mainly bred for egg production breeds for commercial purposes only.
For good commercial egg production, you have to select highly productive layer breeds.
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This is an essential part of poultry farming a farmer should be able to adequately feeds his poultry birds with good quality, fresh and nutritious food. this helps the birds grow faster.
There are commercial shops in several areas in Nigeria where standard poultry feeds are sold therefore it is advisable to buy from this shop as a newbie in this business until you know the feed formula. See Poultry feeds
Ensure you supply the birds adequate water to aid the digestion of the feeds consumed.
Credit source: Pexel
This is very important if you want to reduce the mortality rate of your birds. Poultry birds suffer from viral infections such as fungal, nutritional, parasitic, diseases and bacterial.
To avoid the spread of infection which may lead to the death of the poultry birds here are things to do as a farmer.
- Ensure you properly vaccine your birds always.
- adequately clean the poultry house to prevent infections.
- make sure the poultry house is well ventilated.
- In-case of disease outbreak consult a VET doctor.
You can market your poultry eggs or meat in a local market. Also for farmers who are into commercial meat production, you can meet eateries and negotiate with then. Once a price is agreed you can them supply them and get paid
From my findings and personal experience, I can boldly say poultry farming has made many people in Nigeria millionaires.
Also, I am a poultry farmer and poultry farming has really helped me financially. It was the business I started before I became a blogger.
Despite the fact that I blog now, I still do a small scale poultry farming in my house. With that, I can cash in on my birds and I can also eat chicken stew.
You can get further knowledge on poultry farming all you have to do is check the articles below.
- Poultry Farming For Beginners: How To Make ₦600,000 As A Beginner
- How To Decide Between Meat or Egg production in a Poultry Farm